EXAMINING SOCIOECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT THROUGH EDUCATIONAL ACCESS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MARGINALIZED COMMUNITIES
Abstract : The objective of this research is to ascertain the socioeconomic status of the Scheduled Castes and examine the determinants that influence intergenerational mobility within this population. The examination of educational initiatives aimed at promoting the advancement of scheduled castes and the growth of higher education, within the framework of preferential treatment and supporting policies for diverse socioeconomic groups, including scheduled castes and tribes, is undertaken to explore the intergenerational transmission of educational opportunities in India. The researcher discussed the topic of higher education for Scheduled Castes and Tribes, highlighting the experiences of students from these marginalised groups who are actively seeking higher education and successfully navigating the obstacles they encounter. This study examines the primary barriers and many social, psychological, economic, and educational difficulties faced by Scheduled Caste Students (SCS) within their social environments. The research specifically concentrates on SCS individuals who are either now engaged in or have not pursued higher education. The research will further demonstrate the differential ability of some pupils belonging to scheduled castes to surmount these challenges, in contrast to their counterparts who were unable to do so. The collection and analysis of data were conducted via interviews. The poll revealed that students belonging to the scheduled caste had a diverse array of aspirations, including both those who intended to pursue further education and those who did not. The study's findings indicate that despite historical instances of educational discrimination against scheduled tribes, contemporary lower-caste college students have significant aspirations in both occupational and intellectual domains. The present study explores the relationship between reservation policies, caste, institutional habitus, educational experiences, professional education, occupational mobility, and caste-based inequalities across generations.