A role for the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 complex in gene expression and chromosome organization

Published: 07-12-2020| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/3typz6j2hk.1
Jérôme Poli


Mre11–Rad50–Xrs2 (MRX) is a highly conserved complex with key roles in various aspects of DNA repair. Here, we report a new function for MRX in limiting transcription in budding yeast. We show that MRX interacts physically and colocalizes on chromatin with the transcriptional co-regulator Mediator. MRX restricts transcription of coding and noncoding DNA by a mechanism that does not require the nuclease activity of Mre11. MRX is required to tether transcriptionally active loci to the nuclear pore complex (NPC) and also promotes large-scale gene–NPC interactions. Moreover, MRX-mediated chromatin anchoring to the NPC contributes to chromosome folding and helps to control gene expression. Together, these findings indicate that MRX has a role in transcription and chromosome organization that is distinct from its known function in DNA repair. See : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2020.11.010