Data for: Cognitive Processes in Stressful Situations: Proposal and Validation of Bottom-up and Top-down Emotion Regulation Models
Background: The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) is a purpose-built tool for measuring the use of CERS in negative or stressful situations ore for coping propose. Nevertheless, inconsistencies and controversies about its general validity, especially in regards to its constructs validity, continue to exist for this cognitive emotion regulation measure. Some form to resolve these controversies it´s considerate different measures models in function of the specifics CERQ factors implicated. Objective: The principal objective of the present research is to empirically test these measures models in a large and heterogeneous argentine sample. Methods: To this end, a computerized version of the CERQ scale was used, and psychometrics statistical procedures of construct validity (confirmatory factor analysis), measurement invariance, and criterion validity (correlation with affective variables), were applied. Results and Conclusions: The empirical evidence supports the applicability of a bifactor model to maladaptive CERQ factors and an oblique or hierarchical model for adaptative CERQ factors. These results open the gate to the use and applicability of CERQ to measure repetitive negative thinking as a coping style response and provided evidence in favor of a computerized or electronic version of the CERQ, which broadens and facilitates its application in various research and clinical contexts.