Benson's Relaxation Therapy on level of stress & coping among primigravida women with pregnancy induced hypertension
ABSTRACT: Background: Pregnancy is a pleasurable and overwhelming period of joy and excitement for all the pregnant women and it’s so special for the primigravida women since it creates thrill and expectation of the unborn baby to them. But it also places an additional level of stress and anxiety about the health of the unborn baby. Most of the women would be able to cope with this situation but unluckily a few of the primigravida women who are diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension adds fuel to the fire of the normal stress and anxiety and are unable to cope with this condition. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of Benson’s Relaxation therapy on level of stress, anxiety and coping among primigravida women with pregnancy induced hypertension. Design: Quasi experimental pretest and posttest with control group design. Settings: Government Ranee’s Hospital, Pudukkottai, TamilNadu. Participants: Sixty primigravida women diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension, fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected by Probability simple random sampling technique. Sample Selection criteria: Primi gravida women diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension. Methods: The study was conducted with 60 primi gravida with pregnancy induced hypertension. Out of which 30 mothers were assigned to experimental group and 30 were assigned to control group. Pre and posttest assessment was done by Perceived stress Assessment scale, and Coping Scale by Rao and Prabhu. Results: Benson’s Relaxation therapy was found to be effective in reducing the level of stress, anxiety and coping among primigravid women with pregnancy induced hypertension. KEYWORDS: Benson’s Relaxation therapy, Stress, Anxiety, Coping, Primigravida women, Pregnancy Induced Hypertension.
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METHODS AND MATERIALS: Evaluative approach using quasi experimental where pretest and posttest with control group design was used. The total sample size was 60 primigravida mothers diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension who are attending the antenatal OPD was selected using probability simple random sampling technique, among them 30 was assigned to experimental group and 30 in control group. Criteria for sample selection: Primi gravida mothers who are Between 20 to 34 weeks of gestation Diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension Attending regular OPD Study tool: The selection and development of tool consists of two sections. Section A: Demographic Data Consists of demographic data such as age, religion, education of the mother and husband, occupation of the mother and husband, income, type of family, place of residence. Section B: Consists of Perceived stress scale & coping Scale was used to assess the level of stressand coping among the primigravida mothers. Data collection procedure: The data was collected for a period of one month. The investigator obtained formal permission from the management authorities of the hospital. 80 samples were selected by probability simple random sampling technique. Among them 30 were assigned in experimental group and 30 were in control group in Government Ranees hospital respectively. The data was collected on all seven days of the week. The nature and purpose of the study was explained to the primigravidas mother. Written consent was obtained. Pre test level of stress & coping was assessed in the by using perceived stress scale and coping scale by Rao & Prabhu. The intervention of Benson’s relaxation therapy was demonstrated to primigravidas mother in period of morning and evening. The post test was conducted on the twenty first day after demonstration and using the same scales. No intervention was given for control group. The collected data were tabulated and analyzed by using description and inferential statistical method. Frequency, percentage was used to describe the demographic variables. Mean and standard deviation was used to assess the pre test and post test level of pain and stress among post caesarean mothers. Paired t test was used to find out the difference between pre test and post test level of pain and stress in the experimental and control group. Chi-square test was used to find out the association between post test score of pain and stress with their selected demographic variables of post caesarean in experimental group.