Inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activity by 3-bromopyruvate affects blood platelets responses in type 2 diabetes.
Background: Hyperactivation of blood platelets is an essential factor in the pathomechanism of diabetes-evoked angiopathies. The aim of this work was to investigate whether blood platelets hyperactivation resulting from type 2 diabetic hyperglycaemia-increased pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activity and excessive acetyl-CoA accumulation may be brought to the normal range by the enzyme inhibitors. Methods: Platelets were isolated from the blood of 9 type 2 diabetic patients and 10 healthy donors. Effects of 3-bromopyruvate and 3-nitropropionate on pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) and succinate dehydrogenase activities, as well as levels of acetyl-CoA, ATP, thiobarbituric acid reactive species and aggregation were assessed in non-activated and thrombin-activated platelets. Results: In type 2 diabetic patients fasting plasma glucose and fructosamine levels were 61 and 64% higher, respectively, than in the healthy group (p < 0.001). In non-activated diabetic platelets PDHC activity, PDHC-E2, acetyl-CoA and ATP levels were 66, 70, 68 and 60%, higher, respectively, than in platelets from healthy controls (p < 0.01). 3-bromopyruvate (0.1mM) decreased pyruvate dehydrogenase activity in healthy and diabetic platelets by 42% and 59%, respectively. Similar inhibitory effects were observed for acetyl-CoA and ATP levels, aggregation and TBARS accumulation rates. Succinate dehydrogenase activity was inhibited by 3-nitropropionate (10mM) to 38 and 41% of control values in healthy and diabetic platelets, respectively, but affected neither function nor acetyl-CoA metabolism in platelets of both groups. Conclusions: These data indicate that inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase excessive activity in diabetic platelets by 3-bromopyruvate may normalise their functional parameters through adjustment of acetyl-CoA/ATP levels to control values.