Climate change adaptation in coastal cities of developing countries
This dataset consists of the city's climate adaptation plan, the vulnerability assessment, and the city resilience strategy in 45 coastal cities in developing countries. Below are the variables in this dataset. Proposed adaptation measures: From these documents, discrete adaptation initiatives were collected and coded based on forms and typologies of adaptation policies. The researcher, then, calculates the frequency of each type of forms and typologies of policies represented for the variables of adaptation initiatives classified as structural, social, and institutional measures, and contiguous, contributive, symbolic, and concrete policies. Four typologies, then, were grouped following their levels of action and target objectives. Contiguous and symbolic policies, measures having limited impact on vulnerability reduction but enabling necessary conditions for adaptation, are grouped as groundwork, while contributive and concrete policies, measures that reduce vulnerability or enhance resilience, are grouped as adaptation actions. Also, contiguous and contributive policies, designed to cope with other objectives rather than climate change, are grouped as the baseline adaptation policies, while symbolic and concrete policies, which aim to manage climate change impacts, are grouped as the climate change adaptation policies. Theoretical framework refers to the approach, which was used to guide the planning process, classified into three types, the vulnerability-based frameworks (VBF), the urban resilience frameworks (URF), and the hazard-based or impact assessment frameworks (HBF). Climate change projection is the ranking value of the extent to which climate change is projected and incorporated in the planning documents on a scale of 1-3. The value is 1 if the document mentions climate change and its associated phenomenon as a threat without explicit detail. The value is 2 if climate change is projected using regional models, and the value is 3 if climate change is downscaled with a timeframe to 2025, 2050 or further. Diversity of stakeholders refers to the extent of participatory planning. It refers to the number of types of stakeholders involved in the assessment and planning process, including NGOs (Non-governmental Organizations), municipal governments, higher-level governments, research or educational institutions, civil societies, families or community residents. The participation of a type of stakeholder in the planning process is coded as 1, otherwise coded as 0. Planning year is the year of the plan was published, which might impact on adaptation planning followed by the accumulation of experiences and lessons learned from previous planning or adaptation activities. To ease the interpretation, the variable of planning year is converted into a ranking variable, in which the year before 2009 is assigned a 1, and the variable increases by 1 for each year subsequent.