Arab Computational Propaganda on X (Twitter)
The database includes three datasets. All of them were extracted from a dataset published by X (Twitter Transparency Websites) that includes tweets from malicious accounts trying to manipulate public opinion in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Although the propagandist tweets were published by malicious accounts, as X (Twitter) stated, the tweets at their level were not classified as propaganda or not. Propagandists usually mix propaganda and non-propaganda tweets in an attempt to hide their identities. Therefore, it was necessary to classify their tweets as propaganda or not, based on the propaganda technique used. Since the datasets are very large, we annotated a sample of 2,100 tweets. The datasets are made up of 16,355,558 tweets from propagandist users focused on sports and banking topics.