Digital Repression Index (updated 2021 data)

Published: 22 April 2022| Version 3 | DOI: 10.17632/5dnfmtgbfs.3
Steven Feldstein


The data describes global patterns of digital repression for 2021 and incorporates two composite indexes: a latent construct of digital repression, and a latent construct of digital repression capacity. The data includes an interaction for social media penetration for five Digital Society Project variables: government social media monitoring, government dissemination of false information domestic, party dissemination of false information domestic, government social media shut down in practice, and government social media censorship in practice. Key issued addressed by this data: Which countries are deploying digital repression techniques and how prevalent is their use? What is the relationship between regime type and digital repression? How might we understand the relationship between specific types of repression (violating political liberties, physical violence committed by the state, or curtailing private civil liberties) and digital repression? How does the deployment of individual components of digital repression differ according to political system/regime type?



Carnegie Endowment for International Peace


Human Rights, Information and Communication Technologies, Internet Censorship, Democracy, Surveillance