Data for: Identification of a conserved linear B-cell epitope in Staphylococcus aureus GapC protein
The GapC protein of Staphylococcus aureus is a surface protein that is highly conserved among Staphylococcus strains, and it can induce protective humoral immune responses. However, B-cell epitopes in S. aureus GapC have not been reported. In this study, we generated a monoclonal antibody (mAb2A9) targeting S. aureus GapC. Through a passive immunity test, mAb2A9 was shown to partially protect mice against S. aureus infection. We screened the motif 236PVATGSLTE243 that is recognized by mAb2A9 using a phage-display system. The motif sequence exactly matched amino acids 236–243 of the S. aureus GapC protein. Then, we identified the key amino acids in the motif using site-directed mutagenesis. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that residues P236, G240, L242, and T243 formed the core of the 236PVATGSLT243 motif. In addition, this epitope was proven to be located on the surface of S. aureus, and it induced a protective humoral immune response against S. aureus infection in immunized mice. Overall, our results characterized a conserved B-cell epitope, which will be an attractive target for designing effective epitope-based vaccines against S. aureus infection.