Dataset for the Life Cycle Assessment of the High Speed Rail network in Spain
A life cycle assessment (LCA) of the entire high speed rail (HSR) network in Spain was completed. Life cycle inventory (LCI) data related to the construction and maintenance phases of the infrastructure was collected using Google Earth tool, and complemented with data obtained from other LCA studies. LCI data associated with the operation phase of the infrastructure was built on available fragmentary data on passenger movements for the year 2016, processed with a python algorithm to estimate the transport service provided by the infrastructure. Environmental impacts for transport modes were obtained from Ecoinvent v3.7 database and processed with openLCA software. Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) results gathered in the dataset include Global Warming (GWP100a), Cumulative Energy Demand and total emissions for PM10, SO2, NOX and NMVOC. This dataset presents a detailed description of the Spanish HSR network, including the length of each item (bridges, tunnels, earthworks, railway tracks), and a robust estimation of passenger transport over the infrastructure for year 2016.