Digitalization in Psychoeducation’ The Effect of Tele-Psychoeducation
A randomized, single-blind factorial trial was conducted with two groups of 54 university students who met the inclusion criteria. Cognitive behavioural based psychoeducation was carried on via Instagram's both online and asynchronized sessions for 8 weeks. Data were collected using pre-/posttest and follow-up measurements with the Problem-Solving Inventory and Perceived Stress Scale and were analysed using factorial analysis of variance. ηp2 and Cohen’s r was used, which shows the effect size with variance distribution.
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The universe of the research consisted of 1215 students enrolled in a nursing faculty. Participants were invited to the research through face-to-face and virtual announcements. After the ethical scientific board permissions were obtained, a data collection link was shared and pre-registration was taken for one month. After the completion of the announcement and registration process, 54 students were randomly distributed to the control and intervention groups under the guidance of the Consort model, on the basis of their gender, problem-solving skills, and perceived stress levels .The power of the study, which was calculated within the scope of d=0.05 sampling error in the 95% confidence interval as post hoc was 83.0%.Research data was collected with an online survey tool (Googledocs) that does not require a usage fee or license. Personal Data Collection Form: This form consists of 11 multiple-choice questions to determine the variables that may have an impact on the sociodemographic characteristics, health history, and problem-solving skills of the participants. The questions were prepared by the research team in the light of the literature. Problem Solving Inventory: The Problem Solving Inventory (PSI), developed by Heppner and Petersen (1982), is a Likert-type scale, scored between 1 and 6, consisting of 35 items that measure adults' self-perception of problem solving skills. Perceived Stress Scale: The scale was developed by Cohen et al. (1983), and adapted into Turkish by Eskin et al. (2013). The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is designed to measure how stressful situations in one's life are perceived. Problem Solving Approach based problem solving skills psychoeducation was given to the intervention group through an online social media platform (Instagram). This approach has been developed with the philosophy of Cognitive Behavioral Theory (Eskin, 2009). Session topics of eight weeks of psychoeducation conducted with online posts, surveys, personal sharing messages, and group interaction tools.The main outcomes of each session were determined, and sessions were completed in approximately one hour as a semi-structured interactive group training according to group dynamics. Three days a week for eight weeks, informative posts were shared, asynchronous testing and self-discovery activities were carried out, and a synchronous tele-psychoeducation session was held once a week. Participants were connected to the live broadcast of the research team and interacted via text messages. Mean ± standard deviation was used for continuous variables, and categorical variables were expressed as numbers and percentages. The normality of the distribution was evaluated with the Shapiro Wilks test. One-way and repeated analyses of variance (2x3 Factorial Anova), Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were used in the data analysis. Statistical significance level was accepted as p˂0.05, effect size was evaluated with ηp2 and Cohen r coefficient.