Supplementary data of "Blood Lipid Metabolic Profiles and Causal Links to Site-Specific Cancer Risks"
Observational and Mendelian randomization (MR) studies have established links between dyslipidemia and select cancer susceptibilities. However, there is a lack of comprehensive exploration of causal relationships spanning diverse cancer types. Here, we conducted a two-sample MR analysis to elucidate the causative connections between 9 blood lipid metabolic profiles (namely, adiponectin, leptin, lipoprotein A, apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol) and 21 site-specific cancer risks. Our findings reveal genetically predicted adiponectin levels to be associated with a reduced ovarian cancer risk, while genetically determined leptin increases bladder cancer risk but decreases prostate cancer risk. Lipoprotein A elevates risk of prostate cancer while diminishing risk of endometrial cancer, while apolipoprotein A1 heightens risks of breast and cervical cancers. Furthermore, elevated levels of cholesterol are positively correlated with kidney cancer, and triglycerides demonstrate a positive association with non-melanoma skin cancer but a negative association with breast cancer. Protective effects of genetically predicted LDL-cholesterol on endometrial cancer and adverse effects of HDL-cholesterol on breast cancer are also observed. Our study conclusively establishes that blood lipid metabolic profiles exert causal effects on cancer susceptibility, providing more robust evidence for cancer prevention and prompting contemplation regarding the future health of the human populace.