Validation of the Adult Risk-Taking Inventory

Published: 23 June 2020| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/5wx9hzx4jr.1
Rachel Shoham, Jianmin Zeng, Tzur Karelitz, Ilan Yaniv, Yehuda Pollak


Risk-taking behaviors (RTB) could lead to morbidity, mortality and poor quality of life. Past work has focused on specific risks (e.g., smoking, unprotected sex). But, people who engage in a specific risky activity are likely to take risks in other areas, suggesting a general tendency of RTB. A general tendency for risk taking constitutes a functional impairment in clinical populations. We introduce a RTB scale that should help clinicians and policy makers in assessing risky behavior and test its psychometric properties. The Adult Risk-Taking Inventory (ARTI) introduced here is a domain-general scale, based on insights from behavioral decision theory. We used two samples from Israel and China (N=1080) to evaluate the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, factorial structure, and convergent validity of the scale. We found acceptable levels of internal consistency, a general risk factor, high convergent validity, and high test-retest reliability. The ARTI is a reliable and valid tool for measuring RTB in adults. The broad scope of this scale should prove useful for research as well as for public health services.



Public Health, Risk Taking, Clinical Audit, Validation Study