Specificity of spiders among fear- and disgust-eliciting arthropods: Spiders are special, but phobics not so much

Published: 1 July 2021| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/68mkyrb4n3.1
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Description

Using the internet, 968 respondents rated photos of invertebrates (mainly spiders, other chelicerates, and other arthropods) on a 7-point scale according to two emotions - fear and disgust (1 - not at all fear/disgust eliciting, 7 - great fear/strong disgust eliciting). Additionally, most of them completed two questionnaires: the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ; Klorman et al. 1974), and the Disgust Scale-Revised (DS-R; developed by Haidt et al. 1994; modified by Olatunji et al. 2007). In List 1 of the dataset, there is anonymized information about the respondents including their gender, age, SPQ and DS-R scores, level of education, and type of education. Lists 2 and 3 show scores given to each stimulus by each respondent on the fear and disgust scale, respectively. - Haidt, J., McCauley, C., & Rozin, P. (1994). Individual differences in sensitivity to disgust: A scale sampling seven domains of disgust elicitors. Pers Individ Differ, 16(5), 701-713. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(94)90212-7 - Klorman, R., Weerts, T. C., Hastings, J. E., Melamed, B. G., & Lang, P. J. (1974). Psychometric description of some specific-fear questionnaires. Behav Ther, 5(3), 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(74)80008-0 - Olatunji, B. O., Williams, N. L., Tolin, D. F., Abramowitz, J. S., Sawchuk, C. N., Lohr, J. M., & Elwood, L. S. (2007). The Disgust Scale: item analysis, factor structure, and suggestions for refinement. Psychol Assess, 19(3), 281. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.19.3.281

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Cognitive Psychology, Psychometrics, Research on the Nature of Specific Phobia

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