SAMHD1 Attenuates Acute Inflammation by Maintaining Mitochondrial Function in Macrophages via Interaction with VDAC1

Published: 28 April 2023| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/6c2sbrfycw.2
Bowen Xu


Abstract: Background: Over-activation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is the key mechanism in Gram-negative bacterial infection-induced sepsis. SAM and HD domain-containing deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase 1 (SAMHD1) inhibits multiple virus-es , but whether it plays a role during bacterial invasion remains unelucidated. Methods: Monocyte-macrophage specific Samhd1 knockout (Samhd1−/−) mice and Samhd1−/− macrophage cell line RAW264.7 were constructed and used as research models to evaluate the role of SAMHD1 in TLR4-activated inflammation. Results: In vivo , LPS-challenged Samhd1−/− mice showed higher serum inflammatory factors, accompanied with more severe inflammation infiltration and lower survival rate. In vitro, Samhd1−/− peritoneal macrophages had more activated TLR4 pathway upon LPS-stimulation, accompanied with mitochondrial depolarization and dysfunction and a higher tendency to be M1-polarized. These results could be rescued by overexpressing full-length wild-type SAMHD1 or its phospho-mimetic T634D mutant into Samhd1−/− RAW264.7 cells, whereas the mutants, dNTP hydrolase-function-deprived H238A and phos-pho-ablative T634A, did not exert the same effect. Lastly, co-IP and immunofluorescence assays confirmed that SAMHD1 interacted with an outer mitochondrial membrane-localized protein, voltage-dependent anion channel-1 (VDAC1). Conclusion: SAMHD1 inhibits TLR4-induced acute inflammation and M1 polarization of macrophages by interacting with VDAC1 and maintaining mitochondria function, which outlines a novel regulatory mechanism of TLR signaling upon LPS stimulation.



Second Military Medical University


Inflammation, Sepsis, Mitochondrion, Macrophage


National Key Research and Development Program of China


National Natural Science Foundation of China