Hydrothermal solution calorimetry in acidic aqueous solutions and revisiting the standard partial molal thermodynamic properties of Nd3+ from 25 to 300 °C

Published: 10 July 2024| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/6s6zzsbjxb.2
Yerko Figueroa Penarrieta, Alexander Gysi


In this study, the enthalpy of solution was measured for synthetic Nd hydroxide from 25 to 150 ºC to retrieve the standard partial molal thermodynamic properties of Nd3+ as a function of temperature. The experiments were conducted in aqueous perchloric acid based solutions with starting pH of 2 and varying ionic strength (0.01 to 0.09 mol/kg NaClO4). A set of recommended thermodynamic properties is provided for the Nd3+ aqua ions and corrections are provided for the chloride and fluoride species to remain internally consistent with the experimentally derived properties. These results allow predicting accurately the solubility of monazite between 25 and 300 ºC. Before these corrections, the properties for the Nd3+ aqua ions derived from the HKF parameters resulted in up to ~1.5 orders of magnitude lower monazite solubility than determined experimentally. Therefore, a revision of the REE+3 aqua ions properties is necessary to accurately predict the mobility of REE in hydrothermal acidic solutions.



New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, New Mexico Bureau of Geology & Mineral Resources


Geochemistry, Thermodynamics, Calorimetry


U.S. Department of Energy

Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Geosciences program under Award Number DE-SC0021106