correlation between cigarette smoking and waist-hip ratio (WHR) in young adults

Published: 19 April 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/6tbfhzr88c.1
hemlata hardayal,


In general obesity, adipose tissue increases in the overall body, and it is generally represented by Body Mass Index (BMI) while in abdominal obesity fat accumulates specifically in the abdomen and is measured such as waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). A hundred ninety-three participants (190 males, and 3 females), aged 18 to 25, with smoking behavior (at least one cigarette/day), were included according to the Criterion-based Purposive sampling technique. Anthropometric Measurements were recorded. No significant correlation was observed when the frequency was less than one pack/day (r = 0. 038), but a fair significant correlation was found when the frequency was two or more than two packs/day (r = 0.44). Anthropometric measurements were used to evaluate abdominal obesity in collegiate students. It was concluded that smoking behavior has a fair correlation with abdominal obesity among collegiate students, who smoke 1-2 or more than 2 packs per day.



Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation


Obesity, Cigarette Smoking, Young Adult