A new geophysical and geospatial dataset from the Quaternary basin of Norcia (central Italy)
We provide the entire dataset of the paper "Dataset of seismic ambient vibrations from the Quaternary Norcia basin (central Italy)" submitted to "Data in Brief" journal, including geophysical and geospatial data. The dataset was used and analysed in the article: Di Giulio, G., Ercoli, M., Vassallo, M., Porreca, M. (2020). Investigation of the Norcia basin (Central Italy) through ambient vibration measurements and geological surveys, Engineering Geology, 267, 105501, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2020.105501 The geophysical dataset was collected in the Norcia basin in Central Italy, area struck by a long earthquake sequence during the 2016-2017, including five main-shocks with Mw>5.0. The Mw 6.5 mainshock occurred on 30 October 2016 close to the town of Norcia. Different degrees of damages were observed during this seismic crisis, with a variable seismic shaking controlled, among many factors, by important 1D and 2D variation of Quaternary fluvio-lacustrine sediments infilling the basin. Following this seismic sequence, we registered seismic vibration measurements, mainly single-seismic station noise data. We aimed to determine the distribution of resonant frequency (f0) of the basin and, though a join analysis with the available geological information, to infer the subsurface basin architecture. A total of 60 sites were measured to cover the entire extension in the basin. We deployed seismometers along three transects of a total length of 21 km, mostly along the main structural directions of the basin (i.e. NNW-SSE and NE-SW). Two 2D arrays of seismic stations with a elicoidal-shaped geometry, and a set of MASW active data were also acquired in the northern sector of the basin, in order to better constrain the seismic velocity of the sedimentary infilling. In comparison to the data used in the paper Di Giulio et al. (2020), seven additional records have been here recovered across the basin (i.e. N54-N60). We also provide geospatial ancillary data, both as a complete open-source Geographical Information Systems (GIS) project and as a set of single GeoPackage (.gpkg) and Keyhole Markup Language (.kml) files. The dataset can be used for different purposes: specific researches on the Norcia basin, comparative studies on similar areas around the world, development of new data modeling/analysis software.