Data for "Biomass production from abandoned semi-natural grasslands in northern Europe conflicts with biodiversity conservation goals"

Published: 20 December 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/7c5htbczy5.1
Josefin Winberg,


The data in this repository has been collected and produced to analyze abandonment and bioenergy scenarios for semi-natural grasslands (SNGs) in the highlands of Jönköpings län, Småland, Sweden. In the associated study, we surveyed vascular plant communities to assess biodiversity consequences of land-use change in SNG habitats in different agricultural landscape contexts. Using a space-for-time substitution approach, we analyzed responses in plant community composition (overall species richness and diversity, species richness of plants of conservation concern, plant community dissimilarity, community nestedness and species turnover) to three land-use change scenarios for the SNGs in the area: abandonment, afforestation, and intensified management for ley production. Thus, we assessed the contribution of converted and abandoned SNGs to local plant diversity and dissimilarity across sites, in comparison to grazed SNGs, and how this impacts the view of abandoned land and its suitability for increased biomass production in terms of ley production and afforestation.


Steps to reproduce

The data consists of three csv-files: one for the statistical modelling ("Plants_modelling"), and two for multivariate analysis ("Plants_multivar" + "Env_variables_sites"). All spatial information regarding the sites has been removed from the data to anonymize land ownership. The datasets are constructed for analysis in RStudio and all R codes are available upon request.


Helsingin Yliopisto, Lunds Universitet


Bioenergy, Grassland Ecology, Land Use Change, Biomass Resource, Farmland Biodiversity, Conservation of Biodiversity, Afforestation, Climate Change Mitigation Strategies, Pasture Improvement