Data for: Strain and Microstructural Evolution in Architected Lattices: A Comparison of Electron Beam and Laser Powder Bed Fusion

Published: 23 April 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/7m9ttfmdf6.1
Caleb Andrews


Authors: Caleb Andrews (a), Jonas Zielinski (b), Markus Sudmanns (c,d), Matthew Clemente (e), Mitra Taheri (a)* A: Johns Hopkins University, Department of Materials Science B: ModuleWorks, Research Program Manager C: RWTH Aachen University, Lehrstuhl für Digitale Additive Produktion D: Johns Hopkins University, Department of Mechanical Engineering E: Army Futures Command, United States Department of Defense *Corresponding Author: Abstract Architected lattice materials enable novel material properties through geometry and topology, and through additive manufacturing (AM) there exists a viable and scalable method of producing the fine networks of struts and nodes which make up an architected lattice. However, AM methods often induce locally high cooling rates, which lead to residual strains and anisotropic microstructures which can limit how tunable and predictable the properties of a lattice will be across its volume. Residual strains can degrade mechanical properties or act as strain concentrators and contribute to the failure dynamics of a lattice under load. In the micron scale regime of lattices this means the microstructure is the point of failure minimization, and we show that the orientation of a strut within a lattice and its proximity to a heatsink will change the strain distribution and microstructure within a lattice strut depending on the manufacturing technology used. We show that changes in energy density and solidification conditions between two AM methods, laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) and electron beam melting (EBM) lead to different magnitudes of residual strain and anisotropy, with EBM showing far lower levels of residual strain and greater consistency in both strain and microstructure invariant of strut orientation next to a heatsink. Keywords: additive manufacturing, residual strain, microlattices, Inconel, powder bed fusion, solidification


Steps to reproduce

MATLAB/MTEX was utilized and can be used to reproduce IPF maps and plot the strain data we show. TSL OIM can open and utilize .ang files directly and is the as-indexed, as-collected, Euler angles from the EBSD diffraction. You can also open/process them in MTEX.


Johns Hopkins University


Materials Science, Design for Additive Manufacture