Data for: Characterization of Y-bearing particles in CNS-I-ODS steel fabricated by vacuum induction melting & casting technique
Oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) ferrite/martensitic (F/M) steels have been widely considered as the candidate materials for advanced fission reactor's cladding and fusion reactor's blanket due to the excellent irradiation resistance and high temperature creep properties. Vacuum induction melting (VIM) & casting is not a common but a promising approach to produce ODS steel with large volume and high throughput. Meanwhile, the Y-bearing particles in the cast ODS steel presented various chemical compositions and wide size distribution. Thus it is important and necessary to clarify the Y-bearing particle characteristics in the cast ODS steel. In order to determine the distribution characteristics, chemical compositions, crystal structure and size distribution of the Y-bearing particles, CNS-I-ODS was fabricated by adding 1.0 wt.% metallic yttrium into the molten China Nuclear Steel (CNS) during VIM. The results indicated that some banding structures comprised of yttrium oxides and Y-bearing intermetallic compounds formed along rolling direction. XRD, SEM, TEM and EDS demonstrated that yttrium oxides with the size of 550-900 nm were consisted of Y2O3 and Y(O, C) phases while Y-bearing intermetallic compounds with the size of 26-500 nm were consisted of Fe-Y and Y-W-Ta phases. Besides, Y addition also facilitated the formation of δ-ferrite, refinement of prior austenite grains and precipitation of carbides.