New insight into chert history from silica mineral phase transformation and (Si and O) isotope and trace element criterion constraints on the origin of chert

Published: 4 June 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/7r84rdjz6s.1
Yan Zhang


Major and minor element, TOC contents (wt.%; Supplementary Data S1), trace element and REEs concentrations (mg/kg; Supplementary Data S2). Various chert types from representative sedimentary profiles of Paleozoic, Proterozoic and Archean, invoking volcanic, S-, C- (seawater, hydrothermal), dike chert types and their Si and O isotopie and trace elements datasets (Supplementary Data S3), and Si and O in-situ isotopic datasets for representative microquartz and quartz vein of the 1.88 Ga Gunflint (Canada), 2.72 Ga Tumbiana Formation (Australia), 3.29 Ga Mendon Formation (South Africa), and 3.48 Ga Dresser Formation (Australia) chert (Supplementary Data S4). Si isotope fractionation in opal-CT dissolves and reprecipitates to microquartz process in pore water (Supplementary Data S5), and O isotope-calculated paleo-temperatures (Supplementary Data S6) are shown for the early Silurian C-chert (seawater chert) sample from the Yangtze block, South China, Proterozoic-Cambrian transition C-chert from the Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic, and 1.9 Ga Gunflint chert, Canada.



Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences Institute of Geology


Paleoceanography, Silicon, Oxygen Isotope, Chert


National Natural Science Foundation of China