IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON HEAT STROKE — AN INTERSTATE PANEL STUDY IN INDIA
Climate change has multi-dimensional effect among which effect on human health is most concerned. Farmers and workers of agricultural field are highly exposed to the vulnerability of climate change. In India 60 to 70% population is engaged directly or indirectly in agriculture, who is contributing 16 – 17% of the GDP. People engage in agriculture have to spend more than 6 to 7 hours in the field at day time, thus very much exposed to the sunlight. Sun stroke or heat stroke is one of the inevitable consequences of global warming. Present study tries to analyse the vulnerability of climate change on the basis of suffering from heat stroke by the people of different states of India. There is wide disparity among the states of India regarding heat stroke mortality but all are suffering from the harsh consequences of global warming. The study is to find out the effect of climate change on different states of India with respect to heat stroke mortality and to observe the effect of different heat indicators on human health. A 22 years interstate panel study compares this climate vulnerability in India in terms of death due to heat stroke. Descriptive study highlights state wise health hazard contemplating climate change. Index of death and heat intensity has been discussed by radars. Heat Intensity, Heat Intensity Square, Average Rainfall, Gross Sown Area Index etc. has significant effect on death. Few states like AP, UP, Odisha are very much exposed to the vulnerability. There is interstate heterogeneity in heat stroke mortality and other explanatory variables.