Mucosal Flap Reinforced Colorectal Anastomosis and Trans-Anal Vacuum Drainage
Dehiscence of colorectal anastomosis is a serious complication that is associated with increased mortality, impaired functional and oncological outcomes. The hypothesis was that anastomosis reinforcement and vacuum trans-anal drainage could eliminate some risk factors, such as mechanically stapled anastomosis instability and local infection. Patients with rectal cancer within 10 cm of the anal verge and low anterior resection with double-stapled technique were included consecutively. A stapler anastomosis was supplemented by trans-anal reinforcement and vacuum drainage using a povidone-iodine-soaked sponge. Modified reinforcement using a circular mucosal flap was developed and used. Patients were followed up by postoperative endoscopy and outcomes were acute leak rate, morbidity, and diversion rate. The procedure was successfully completed in 52 from 54 patients during the time period January 2019 – October 2020. The mean age of patients was 61 years (range, 54-69 years). There were 38/52 (73%) males and 14/52 (27%) females; the neoadjuvant radiotherapy was indicated in a group of patients in 24/52 (46%). The level of anastomosis was 4 cm (range, 3.00-4.88 cm). The overall morbidity was 32% (17/52) and Clavien-Dindo complications ≥ 3 grade appeared in 3/52 (5,7%) patients. No loss of anastomosis was recorded and no patient died postoperatively. The acute leak (AL) was recorded in one patient 1/52 (1.9%) and diversion ileostomy was created in 1/52 patient (1.9%), respectively. Reinforcement of double-stapled anastomosis using a circular mucosal flap with a combination of vacuum povidone-iodine-soaked sponge drainage led to a low acute leak and diversion rate. This pilot study requires further investigation.
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Data were prospectively collected according given protocol.