FACT Mediates the Depletion of macroH2A1.2 to Expedite Gene Transcription

Published: 6 June 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/883bp89my8.1
dengyu ji


The histone variant macroH2A is generally linked to transcriptionally inactive chromatin, but how macroH2A regulates the chromatin structure and functions in transcriptional process remains elusive. This study reveals that while the integration of macroH2A1.2 into nucleosomes does not affect their stability or folding dynamics, it notably hinders the maintenance function of FACT. We show that FACT effectively diminishes the stability of macroH2A1.2-nucleosomes and expedites their depletion subsequent to the initial unfolding process. Furthermore, we identify the residue S139 in macroH2A1.2 as a critical switch to modulate the FACT’s function in nucleosome maintenance. Genome-wide analyses demonstrate that FACT-mediated depletion of macroH2A-nucleosome allows the correct localization of macroH2A, while the S139 mutation reshapes macroH2A distribution and influences the stimulation-induced transcription and cellular response in macrophage. Our findings provide mechanistic insights into the intricate interplay between macroH2A and FACT at the nucleosome level, and elucidate their collective role in transcriptional regulation and immune response of macrophage.



Western Blot, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction