The Influence of Eclectic Interventions on Anger and Assertiveness
the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a newly developed cognitive behavioral theory-based art and expressive eclectic interventions on functional anger and assertiveness in young people. A total of 16 university student nurses participated in this quasi-experimental design study. Data was collected with pre-test, post-test and follow up test by the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory.
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This quasi-experimental study was conducted in a faculty of nursing within one of the most crowded capitals in Turkey. The universe of the research consisted of second-year nursing students (N=297). The sample was conducted with second-year students who were included in the study who met the inclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria were being registered and attending in the second year of the nursing faculty and having scored higher than the mean limits (X ̅:19.73, SD:5.15) calculated according to the mean score of the Trait Anger dimension of the STAXI. Having a sensory disability and being unable to comply with the sessions due to living conditions were exclusion criteria of the study. Those who were absent twice out of ten sessions were excluded from the sample. Data obtained at pretest-posttest and follow-up repeated measurements in independent groups were analyzed by ANOVA (within factors). In a study in which experimental power analysis was pertinent with a confidence interval post hoc of 95% and a sampling error of d=0.05 (Süt, 2011). Post hoc analysis carried out to determine the power of the study showing that for the present study, with a sample size of 16 and with the effect size of 0.93 (Cohen’s f) calculated from the mean and SD of assertiveness scores, the power was 0.99. The 16 students of the study sample were invited by phone calls, and the Introductory Information Form, STAXI, and the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory (RAI) were implemented before the interventions (pretest measurements). All interventions were completed in ten sessions. After the eclectic intervention program, STAXI and RAI were performed in order to collect posttest data, and the follow-up measurements were carried out six months after the posttests.