A Study on the Behavior of Tarim Pigeon during Reproductive Period

Published: 19 March 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/8g7tc7m7xh.1
Lin Zhu, Mengyue Sun, Yao Li, Rui Fu, Zewu Wang, Kailun Yang, Fengming Li


Compared with other birds, pigeons have special breeding characteristics, with neighbouring breeding cycles crossing each other. The male and mother pigeons build the nest together, usually after the mother pigeon lays eggs, the male and mother pigeons take turns to incubate the eggs, and after the young pigeons come out of the shell, the male and mother pigeons secrete pigeon's milk and feed the pigeons together. Parental pigeons in the breeding period including egg-laying, incubation and feeding three stages, breeding behaviour in addition to incubation, feeding, feeding, drinking, feathering, rest and other behaviours, there are also parental pigeons combing each other's feathers, kissing and other intimate behaviours. Pigeon behaviour has a certain diurnal rhythm, active during the day and silent at night. Artificial feeding has an effect on pigeon behavioural rhythms, and we will use this study to provide advice to keepers to help them better understand and manage pigeon behaviour and improve the feeding management of caged pigeons, thereby improving feeding efficiency and production outcomes.


Steps to reproduce

Pigeons were raised in a 60 cm * 50 cm * 50 cm three-level metal cage. Pigeons have poor vision at night Based on the observation of pigeons’ behavior during the pre-experiment period , as well as the local sunrise and sunset times, the final recording period was set from 8:22 to 22:00. The recording equipment was a HIKVISION surveillance camera (model: 3T27EWDV3-L8 mm).The total number of occurrences of various behaviours during different periods of the breeding parents' activity period was calculated as the number of repetitions from the beginning to the end of the action, and the frequency was counted in 1 h. The frequency of behaviours of the parents was observed in the time of ingestion, watering, eating grit, nursing, stretching, preening, resting, fighting, intimacy, mating, and incubation of the eggs.


Xinjiang Agricultural University


Animal Behavior


Science and Technology Department of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region