GENDER AND FEMINIST IDEOLOGY: AN IN-DEPTH EXPLORATION OF SEX, GENDER, SOCIALIZATION, STEREOTYPES, AND INEQUALITY
ABSTRACT : Understanding feminist ideology requires a careful consideration of the difference between sex and gender. Gender encompasses the cultural and social constructs that differentiate individuals based on their assigned roles and expectations, whereas sex pertains to the biological dissimilarities that exist between males and females. Sex encompasses the distinct biological and physiological characteristics shown by individuals, namely men and women, which include reproductive organs, chromosomes, and hormones. Conversely, the subject of gender encompasses several intersections with societal, legal, political, and cultural issues. The topic of identity and social status is often examined in conjunction with other factors such as class, ethnicity, age, and physical ability. Gender is a sociocultural phenomenon that is shaped by the process of socialisation. Different societies may possess diverse interpretations of what constitutes "masculine" or "feminine". Gender norms are established by societies and are acquired by people via various social institutions such as family, education, and media. Gender norms are acquired and assimilated by individuals across all segments of society. Gender norms exhibit variability both temporally and cross-culturally. Gender norms are organised in a hierarchical fashion, establishing a power structure based on gender that primarily places women at a disadvantage. The presence of historical and cross-cultural diversity in the differentiation and stratification of gender roles offers compelling evidence that social factors significantly contribute to the establishment of disparities between genders. Nevertheless, it is plausible to argue that some disparities in conduct and attitudes between sexes may have a biological underpinning. The division of employment by sex has been influenced by both biological and societal factors, and this division subsequently contributes to the establishment of gender hierarchy and gender inequality. This study explores the existing body of information about sex and gender, focusing on the manner in which gender norms contribute to the formation of gender stereotypes and the imposition of social roles.