Mandibular block

Published: 29-12-2020| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/9tcg95xjhw.1
Contributor:
RAJAGOPALAN VENKATRAMAN

Description

Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for unilateral mandibular fracture surgeries were randomly divided into two groups by computer-generated random numbers and sealed envelope method: Group A received UG mandibular nerve block before surgical incision and group B received after surgery with ropivacaine 0.5% 10ml. The anesthesiologist performing the case took no further part in the study. The second anesthesiologist, who was blinded to the group involved, monitored the patient in the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU). The patients as well as the statistician were not aware of the group assigned. The patients were started on patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) morphine with bolus 1mg and a lockout interval of 10min. The morphine consumption for 24h was recorded. The pain was assessed by the VAS score. The additional intraoperative fentanyl consumption and time for a request for rescue analgesic were recorded. Results: The total morphine consumption was reduced in group A (4.566±0.717mg) than group B (5.93±0.876mg) with a p-value of <0.0001. The time for a request for rescue analgesic was also prolonged in group A (794.08 ± 89.561min) than group B (505.333 ±73.159min). It was also statistically highly significant (p-value <0.0001). In group A, only four patients required an additional dose of fentanyl as against 11 patients in group B. The heart rate was also lower in group A 30min after the administration of the block and persisted for two hours intraoperatively.

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