ECONOMIC GROWTH AND STRUCTURAL CHANGES: PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE FROM BIHAR

Published: 9 June 2021| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/9zf9m7ffcc.1
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Structural Change is the phenomenon witnessed by almost all the developing and the developed states in their journey towards a higher sustained economic growth. The rise in per capita income and the structural change are complementary to each other. A rise in per capita income reinforces structural change and structural change leads to the rise in the productive efficiency stimulating rise in the per capita income of the people. The paper analyses this phenomenon in the state of Bihar which has, of late, started ta witness a higher growth trajectory in its economy. Sourcing the data from the archival records of the various government agencies, the study found that the state of Bihar has mirrored the structural change being experienced by the economy of India. The share of the primary sector in the state's GSDP has drastically declined and is replaced by the services sector. This phenomenon is particularly ascribed to the rising share of trade, communications and the government led public spending in the construction sector. However, the state is not experiencing a balanced growth pattern in its economy; some districts have become more developed relative to the other districts. It has also been seen that due to the low economic base of the state, we cannot expect that the state's socio-economic indicators will converge sooner to the_ more developed states of India.

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