Data for "Association between adolescents’ family socioeconomic status and working memory updating functioning: role of parental educational involvement"

Published: 31 March 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/b5458kzdc3.1
Joseph Maes,


The research (doi: 10.1111/jora.12848) related to these data concerned a study on the association between the socioeconomic status (SES) of the family of young adolescents and working memory updating ability of the adolescents, and whether this association is (partly) mediated by different aspects of parental educational involvement. A total of 260 Chinese young adolescents completed questionnaires about their family’s SES, the intellectual, behavioral, and emotional involvement of the mother and father in the education of the adolescent, two versions of a computerized running memory task, Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM) test, and questions about additional demographic characteristics. The results revealed a positive association between family SES and working memory updating task performance, and between working memory updating and RSPM performance. This SES-updating association was partly mediated by behavioral educational involvement of the mother (indirect effect with a positive coefficient) and the mother’s intellectual involvement (indirect effect with a negative coefficient). The three aspects of the father’s educational involvement did not play a significant mediating role. These results might inform interventions aimed at enhancing cognitive skills of children with a poor SES background. The data file concerns an SPSS data file. The data consist of each participant’s score on the outcome measure for each of the demographic and socioeconomic variables, the mother’s and father’s intellectual, behavioral, and emotional educational involvement (questionnaires), the different items of the RSPM, and the working memory updating tasks (two versions of a running memory task with different stimulus-presentation times). These scores were used in analyses of variance, correlational analyses, and regression (mediation) analyses, to assess the relations between SES, working memory updating ability, and aspects of parental educational involvement, as described in the target article. The meaning of each column in the data file is described under the tap Variable View --> Label. The raw data of the running memory tasks (in eprime format) on which the corresponding pre-processed data are based are available from the corresponding author upon request.



Northwest Normal University, Radboud Universiteit


Educational Interest, Socioeconomic Status, Working Memory, Parental Investment