Changing Food Consumption of the Households in Developing Countries: A Bangladesh Case

Published: 11-03-2019| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/b56r5xyb4y.1
Khondoker Mottaleb


The dataset primarily consists of Bangladesh’s Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) data collected in 2000, 2005 and 2010 by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). The BBS uses a two-stage stratified random sampling to ensure maximum precision in the data collection process in each survey round. In the first stage, the BBS selects primary sampling units (PSUs) consisting of specific geographical areas, and in the second stage, it randomly selects 20 households from each PSU that represent rural, urban, and statistical metropolitan areas (SMAs). The present study is based on information collected from a total of 29,676 households surveyed in 2000, 2005 or 2010, of which 9,183 were from urban areas and the remaining 20,493 were from rural areas. The HIES 2000, 2005 and 2010 data on household-level consumption is quite detailed. The consumption of food items in quantity and expenditure was divided into 17 major food categories and collected all consumption information for two-week period. The major categories were cereals, pulses, fish, eggs, meat, vegetables, milk and dairy products, sweets, oil and fats, fruits, drinks, sugar and molasses, tobacco and related items, spices, betel leaves and betel nuts. In the cereal category, there were sub-categories of rice, wheat, and processed rice and wheat products. As the major focus of this study is the examination of the trends of cereal consumption patterns over time by households in a rapidly-growing developing country, this study analyzed the consumption of five basic and commonly-consumed food items: rice and wheat (both including grain and processed products), pulses, fish and vegetables.


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