ARMH3-mediated recruitment of Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase beta directs Golgi-to-endosome trafficking and activation of the antiviral effector STING
The cGAS-STING pathway mediates cytoplasmic DNA-triggered innate immunity. STING activation is initiated by cyclic-GMP-AMP (cGAMP)-induced translocation from the endoplasmic reticulum and sulfated glycosaminoglycans-induced polymerization at the Golgi. Here we examined the mechanisms underlying STING transport and activation beyond the Golgi. A genome-wide CRISPR–Cas9 screen identified Armadillo-like helical domain-containing protein 3 (ARMH3) as critical for STING activation. Upon cGAMP-triggered translocation, ARMH3 interacted with STING at the Golgi and recruited phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase beta (PI4KB) to synthesize PI4P, which directed STING Golgi-to-endosome trafficking via PI4P-binding proteins AP-1 and GGA2. Disrupting PI4P-dependent lipid transport through RNAi of other PI4P-binding proteins impaired STING activation. Consistently, disturbed lipid composition inhibited STING activation whereas aberrantly elevated cellular PI4P led to cGAS-independent STING activation. Armh3fl/fllLyzCre/Cre mice were susceptible to DNA virus challenge in vivo. Thus, ARMH3 bridges STING and PIK4B to generate PI4P for STING transportation and activation, an interaction conserved in all eukaryotes.