Data on Biodiesel Synthesis From Low Cost Biomass Wastes and Its Cost Assesment Inducing Process Optimization

Published: 14 June 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/bm8yy54vkd.1
Adepoju Tunde


This study employed low cost biomass wastes for the synthesis of biodiesel that is cost effective and environmentally friendly. The major raw material (Oil) was obtained by steam distillation (SD) from Croton heliotropiifolius Kunth leaves (CHKL), and was characterized for it aptness for biodiesel production. Dwarft green coconut husk ash (DGCHA) was used as bio-adsorbent for acid value reduction of the Croton heliotropiifolius Kunth leaves oil (CHKLO). A new novel highly potassium based catalyst was derived from Karpuravalli banana peels (KBP), calcined, and was characterized using TGA, ZETA, FTIR, SEM-EDX, XRF-FS, and BET analysis. Biodiesel was synthesised in using a microwaves assisted method, and was characterized and compared with recommended standard. The catalytic strength of the calcined Karpuravalli banana peels powder (CKBPP) was tested using reusability test, and the cost evaluation of production was estimated.


Steps to reproduce

The low acid value CHKLO was produced in a 1000 mL reactor using Hisense 20 L microwave assisted equipment operated at 700 W with exist and inlet opens. The procedure earlier reported by Ozioko et al. [11] with little modification. The microwave was modified by fitted with water-cooled reflux condenser and an external stirrer for homogeneous reaction process. 200 mL of the oil was transferred to the flask, and a known amount of catalyst was dissolve in measured volume of methanol, and transferred to the oil in the reactor placed in the microwave. The heating power of the microwave apparatus was maintained at 120 W for the reaction to reach completion. At the end of the reaction, the high speed centrifuge [MSLZL19; 16,000 rpm; ARC: 1.5 ml x 12; Max.RFC; 17000 (xg); timing range: 0-30 min] was used to separate the content of the flask at 10,000 rpm for 5 min. The biodiesel was decanted, washed with distil water, and then dried over CaCl2. The percentage yield of biodiesel was computed using Eqn. (2): % CHKLOB=(WCHKLOB/WCHKLOU) X 100 (2)


Delta State University


Chemical Energy, Bio-Oil