Mindfully Accepting and Attending: Different Paths to Accentuating the Positive and Eliminating the Negative.
Mindfulness is a multifaceted practice that affects wellbeing. The separate facets of mindfulness have been theoretically grouped into those involving increased attention (awareness, observation, and description) or nonevaluative acceptance of experience (non-reactivity and non-judgement). Research suggests acceptance facets may more effectively downregulate negative experience than their counterparts, whereas attention facets may more effectively upregulate positive experience. Present research examines the effects of each mindfulness facet on optimism in study 1 (n = 157) and on dispositional positive emotion and neuroticism in study 2 (n = 275). Results show that awareness predicts optimism above and beyond other facets and that observation has a significantly larger effect on positive emotion than the acceptance facets. Conversely, non-judgement and non-reactivity predict reduced neuroticism more strongly than the attentional components. Findings support the conclusion that facets of mindfulness affect different wellbeing outcomes and do so with different levels of effectiveness.