Mycobacterial SapM hampers host autophagy initiation for intracellular bacillary survival via dephosphorylating Raptor
Secreted acid phosphatase (SapM) is an immunomodulator of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and consequently plays a crucial role in disease onset and development upon infection. Importantly, the virulence of SapM, has rendered SapM an attractive target for drug development. However, the mechanism underlying the role of SapM in facilitating bacillary survival remains to be fully elucidated. In this context, the present study demonstrated that SapM hampers cellular autophagy to facilitate bacillary survival in mycobacterial-infected macrophages. Mechanically, SapM interacted with Raptor and was localized to the subcellular lysosomal organelle, causing the dephosphorylation of Raptor at the Ser792 position, resulting in mTORC1 hyperactivity and the subsequent autophagy inhibition. Consistent with this, SapM blocked the autophagy initiation and mitigated lung pathology in vivo. These findings highlighted the role of Raptor as a significant substrate of SapM for inhibiting autophagy, which is a novel clue for developing a treatment against tuberculosis.