Settlement structure of the baden and postbaden cultural complex in the area of the White Carpathians
Paper in which this dataset was used is focused on the settlement structure of the Baden and Postbaden cultural complex in the area of White Carpathians. Settlement strategy was evaluated based on analysis of environmental parameters in QGIS program on which were performed the statistical evaluation and spatio-temporal modeling. This paper aims to define the settlement structure in the determined area and compare it with other already statistically evaluated units of the Baden and Postbaden cultural complex in the central European region. The settlement structure changed over time but only in spatial area, environmental parameters remained unchanged, with only one exception which was the distance from the source of raw material for chipped stone production. The group was compared with the other territories with baden and postbaden cultural complex settlements like Český Brod plateau, Lesser Poland and Cerová vrchovina. The only group with which the sites from the area of interest showed similarity was a set of sites from the area of the Český Brod plateau. The basic unit examined was the archaeological component. The archeological component is a reflection of finds created by one community in a limited time for the purpose of one activity (Neustupný 2007, 13). The data were collected by searching through the literature. Each component was added into the database. Depending on the precision of localization, a value was then added on a scale from 1 to 3, where 1 means accurate, 2 accuracy around 100m and 3 is inaccurate. Components with a localization value of 3 were entered into the database, but no analyzes were subsequently performed on them. Based on the localization, the environmental data of individual components were obtained in the QGIS program. These are the parameters altitude, distance to the watercourse, distance to the nearest component, distance to the radiolarite, soil fertility, slope orientation and slope. Soil quality was rated on a scale of 0–100 based on its suitability for historic agriculture (Lieskovský et al. 2015, 97–98). The last step is spatiotemporal modeling. The data of spatio-temporal modeling expresses the probability of the existence of the site in a certain period of time. Lieskovský, T. – Faixová–Chalachanová, J. – Ďuračiová, R. – Blažová, E. – Karell, L. 2015: Archeologické predikčné modelovanie z pohľadu geoinformatiky. Bratislava: Slovenská technická univerzita v Bratislave. Neustupný, E. 2007: Vymezení archeologie In: Kuna, M. (ed.): Archeologie pravěkých Čech 1 - Pravěký svět a jeho poznání. Archeologický ústav AV ČR, Praha 2007, 11-22.
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Data sources are available in Sources.docx The methodological approach was based on several sources: Crema, E. R. 2012: Modeling Temporal Uncertainty in Archaeological Analysis, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 19. Lieskovský, T. – Faixová–Chalachanová, J. – Ďuračiová, R. – Blažová, E. – Karell, L. 2015: Archeologické predikčné modelovanie z pohľadu geoinformatiky. Bratislava: Slovenská technická univerzita v Bratislave. Malček, R. 2013: Lieskovec–Hrádok: výšinné sídlisko badenskej kultury, Nitra: Archeologický ústav SAV Nitra. Tóth, P. – Oravkinová, D. – Pokutta, D. 2019: Settlement Organisation of the Otomani–Füzesabony Cultural Complex in Slovakia. A Spatio–Temporal Modelling Study. In: K. Fichsl – T. Kielin eds., Beyond Divides – The Otomani–Füzesabony Phenomenon, Köln: Institut für Ur – und Frühgeschichte der Universität zu Köln, 47–69.