Humor and emotion regulation in remitted depression.
This is SPSS file including data from two stages of the study: diagnostic (psychiatric diagnosis, SCID I diagnosis, BDI II, pharmacotherapy) and experimental (laboratory experiment with negative emotion induction). The experiment was based on a computer procedure consisted of Phase 1 and Phase 2, during which participants observed a series of the same 28 negative pictures that were selected from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS; Lang et al., 1997) and covered a variety of aversive stimuli. In Phase 1, participants simply viewed the 28 pictures and after each one rated their responses (positive emotions, negative emotions, and distance from adversity). Each response was assessed on a single visual analogue scale (VAS) ranging from 0 (not at all) to 100 (as strong as possible). In Phase 2, participants viewed each picture a second time, under instructions either to (a) use humor, (b) use positive reappraisal or (c) simply view. Pictures were randomly assigned to each of the 3 conditions with 8 pictures attributed to each instruction (4 pictures used for examples). Phase 2 consisted of three 8-picture blocks randomly presented for each participant. After each picture, patients rated their responses once again, and in addition, they specified the effort associated with generating the comment on the VAS scale The structure of each trial in Phase 2 was as follows. After an instructional slide asking to comment on the situation in a certain way, each picture was presented on the screen (except in the control condition, participants could take as much time as they wanted). After each humor/reappraisal trial, patients were asked whether they were able to produce the target comment (yes/sort of/no). Then, they typed out their humorous comment/reappraisal statement or explained why they did not generate it. Next, patients rated their responses again and additionally reported the effort related to generating a comment, also on the VAS scale. To facilitate the task, each block (except for the control condition) was preceded by two pictures from Phase 1, with written examples for humor or positive reappraisal, taken from the pilot study. At the end of the experiment, participants were shown a series of 9 positive pictures selected from the IAPS database, and reported their positive and negative emotions (debriefing procedure). As such, 3 repeated measurements are visible in the database I – Phase 1 (measurements of dependent variables for each of 28 pictures) II – Phase 2 (measurements of dependent variables for each of 28 pictures within 3 conditions: A (humor), B (positive reappraisal), C (spontaneous emotion regulation). III - Debriefing