knock knee, bow legs, flat foot and pes cavus among children: A prevalence study

Published: 14 February 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/crkjvhp2m7.1
nurnahara barbhuiya,


This is a cross-sectional study will be conducting in the school going children aged between 7 and 16 years around Mullana, Ambala by simple random sampling technique. Q angle will be measured by keeping a thread over the ASIS and midpoint of patella and another line will be drawn from tibial tuberosity and midpoint of patella and angle between them will be measured. And longitudinal arch angle will be measured by marking points over the centre of medial malleolus, navicular tuberosity and first metatarsal head. Then line will be drawn between these points and angle will be measured of each child.



Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation


School-Age Children