Histological, behavioural and flow cytometric datasets relating to acute ischaemic stroke in young, aged and ApoE-/- mice in the presence and absence of immunomodulation with fingolimod.
In this work, the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator fingolimod was assessed as a preclinical candidate for the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke according to the Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) preclinical recommendations. Young (15-17 weeks), aged (72-73 weeks), and ApoE-/- mice (20-21 weeks) fed a high fat diet (all C57BL/6 mice) underwent permanent electrocoagulation of the left middle cerebral artery. Mice received either saline or fingolimod (0.5 mg/kg or 1 mg/kg) at 2, 24, and 48 hours post-ischaemia via intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection. Another cohort of young mice (8-9, 17-19 weeks) received short-term (5 days) or long-term (10 days) fingolimod (0.5 mg/kg) treatment in a treatment duration study. For young, aged, and ApoE-/- mice, motor behavioural tests (cylinder and grid-walking) were performed at days 0, 3, and 7 post-ischaemia to evaluate neurobehavioural recovery. In the treatment duration study, the grid-walking test was performed at days 0, 2, 5 and 10 post-ischaemia. Brain tissue sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and NeuN to quantify tissue damage. Flow cytometry was used to quantify T cell populations in blood, spleen, and lymph nodes. The data presented in this article improves our understanding of the potential neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects of fingolimod in a mouse model of brain ischaemia. Such data may be significant in the design of future preclinical and clinical stroke studies for fingolimod.