Proteomic Characterization of the Gastric Cancer Response to Chemo and Targeted therapies Reveals New Therapeutic Strategies
Chemo and targeted therapies are the major treatments for gastric cancer (GC), but drug resistance limits its effectiveness. Here, we profile the proteome of 206 tumor tissues from patients with GC undergoing either chemotherapy or anti-HER2-based therapy. Proteome-based classification reveals four subtypes (G-I–G-IV) related to different clinical and molecular features. MSI-sig high GC patients benefit from docetaxel combination treatment, accompanied by anticancer immune response. Further study reveals patients with high T cell receptor signaling respond to anti-HER2-based therapy; while activation of extracellular matrix/PI3K-AKT pathway impair anti-tumor effect of trastuzumab. We observe CTSE functions as a cell intrinsic enhancer of chemosensitivity of docetaxel, whereas TKTL1 functions as an attenuator. Finally, we develop prognostic models with high accuracy to predict therapeutic response, further validated in an independent validation cohort. This study provides a rich resource for investigating the mechanisms and indicators of chemo and targeted therapy in GC.