Prevalence and Independent Predictors of Iron Deficiency in Yemeni Patients with Heart Failure: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

Published: 19 April 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/czgnys3dbn.1
, Faisal ahmed


A retrospective study consisted of 108 Adult Yemeni patients with HF who had been admitted based on validated clinical criteria from Jun 2021 to Sept 2022 at Al-Thorah General Hospital, IBB, Yemen. ID was defined as serum ferritin concentrations of < 100 ng/mL or 100-299 ng/mL with transferrin saturation < 20%. The prevalence of ID among HF patients and independent predictors of ID were investigated in univariate and regression analysis.


Steps to reproduce

A retrospective cross-sectional study consisted of 108 Adult Yemeni patients with heart failure (HF) who had been admitted from Jun 2021 to Sept 2022 to Al-Thorah General Hospital (Ibb University-affiliated Hospital). Inclusion criteria: Adult patients who were ≥ 18 years of age, clinically diagnosed with HF, and recently admitted for HF progressive symptoms in our hospital were included. Diagnosis of HF was established based on validated clinical criteria from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), the ESC guidelines for the diagnosis of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), and the Framingham criteria. Study outcome: The main outcome was to report the prevalence of iron deficiency and the secondary outcome was to find the independent predictors of ID among admitted patients with heart failure.


Ibb University


Iron Deficiency, Heart Failure, Predictive Factor, Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction