Data for: The earliest blood transfusions in 17th century in Italy" (1667-1668).
We review the first blood transfusion experiments on humans between 1667 and 1668 in Europe, with particular attention placed on those conducted in Italy. This work examines specific details of experimental developments, focusing on the techniques and instruments used by the physicians involved in this new surgical approach. Based on numerous literary sources, the authors highlight how transfusion was considered as a form of emergency surgery, carried out in order to save patients who could not be cured with traditional therapy of the time. Keywords: origins of blood transfusion; instruments and techniques of blood transfusion in early modern age; Italian literature in transfusion