Data for FiNuTyper: design and validation of an automated deep learning-based platform for simultaneous fiber and nucleus type analysis in human skeletal muscle

Published: 31 March 2023| Version 3 | DOI: 10.17632/dfw8r794ph.3
August Lundquist, Enikő Lázár, Olaf Bergmann


Abstract Aim: While manual quantification is still considered the gold standard for skeletal muscle histological analysis, it is time-consuming and prone to investigator bias. To address this challenge, we assembled an automated image analysis pipeline, FiNuTyper (Fiber and Nucleus Typer). Methods: We integrated recently developed deep learning-based image segmentation methods, optimized for unbiased evaluation of fresh and postmortem human skeletal muscle, and utilized SERCA1 and SERCA2 as type-specific myonucleus and myofiber markers after validating them against the traditional use of MyHC isoforms. Results: Parameters including cross-sectional area, myonuclei per fiber, myonuclear domain, central myonuclei per fiber, and grouped myofiber ratio were determined in a fiber type-specific manner, revealing that a large degree of sex- and muscle-related heterogeneity could be detected using the pipeline. Our platform was also tested on pathological muscle tissue (ALS, IBM) and adapted for the detection of other resident cell types (leukocytes, satellite cells, capillary endothelium). Conclusion: In summary, we present an automated image analysis tool for the simultaneous quantification of myofiber and myonuclear types, to characterize the composition and structure of healthy and diseased human skeletal muscle. Keywords Skeletal muscle, myonuclei, myofibers, SERCA, automated image analysis



Karolinska Department of Cell and Molecular Biology


Image Processing, Skeletal Muscle