Early initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers with children <2 years in Simiyu region, Tanzania
This study aims to determine the prevalence of EIBF and associated factors among mothers with children less than two years in the Simiyu Region lake zone in Tanzania. The prevalence of EIBF was 62.2 %, ranging from 52.7 % in the Bariadi district to 73.3 % in the Maswa district. Lower odds of EIBF were among women who had a caesarian section and those who gave birth to male children. And higher odds of EIBF were among mothers who had their babies placed on their chest/abdomen (skin-to-skin contact) and women from the Maswa district
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In the parent study, multi-stage cluster sampling was used. In the first stage, the sampling frame was Enumeration Areas (EAs) in the Simiyu region from the 2012 Tanzania population and housing census. A random number of clusters were chosen for inclusion, and 51 clusters were chosen at random from a total of 67 clusters. A team of enumerators and mappers from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) enumerated all households and their residents from sampled clusters to create a list of all the households in each cluster. The number of households to be included in each cluster was determined in stage two, yielding a total of 2035 households. All consenting women and men aged 15-49 living in the selected households were interviewed; a total of 2020 women were interviewed. This study included women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who gave birth within the previous two years of the survey. 754 of the 2020 women had given birth within the previous two years of the survey. 72 of them had never breastfed their children, and 13 had missing EIBF information. As a result, 669 women were analysed. During data collection, an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was developed using questions from the Tanzania 2015/16 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). The questionnaires were translated into Swahili and installed on an Android tablet using the Open Data Kit (ODK) for data collection.