A finite element toolbox for the Bogoliubov-de Gennes stability analysis of Bose-Einstein condensates
We present a finite element toolbox for the computation of Bogoliubov-de Gennes modes used to assess the linear stability of stationary solutions of the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation. Applications concern one (single GP equation) or two-component (a system of coupled GP equations) Bose-Einstein condensates in one, two and three dimensions of space. An implementation using the free software Image 1is distributed with this paper. For the computation of the GP stationary (complex or real) solutions we use a Newton algorithm coupled with a continuation method exploring the parameter space (the chemical potential or the interaction constant). Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations are then solved using dedicated libraries for the associated eigenvalue problem. Mesh adaptivity is proved to considerably reduce the computational time for cases implying complex vortex states. Programs are validated through comparisons with known theoretical results for simple cases and numerical results reported in the literature.