Published: 26 August 2022| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/djnk46cv76.1
Poulami Ghosh


The filial maturity of the child plays a very important role in the wide disconnect that exists between parents and their children. It can explain the extent to which a child may be willing to emulate the actions or thought processes of their parents. Studies have shown that violence can be hereditary and hence continue from one generation to the next irrespective of the environment, only up to a certain extent. The need of the study is to understand the extent to which violent ideations can be hereditary or be impacted by one’s affiliation with their parents and the relationship that they maintain with each other. The results (n=23) showed no significant correlation between the PACQ variables of regard, responsibility and control with the VIS score of the participant. The VIS score of the adult child and their mother and father (n=6) showed no significant similarities either.


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This study has used the Parent-Adult Child Relationship Questionnaire (PACQ) as well as the Violent Ideations Scale (VIS). Both scales involve questionnaires. The PACQ has a total of 26 items, 13 relating to one’s mother and the other 13 relating to one’s father. The questionnaire is accompanied by a four-point Likert scale with the options “very true,” “moderately true,” “somewhat true,” and “not true at all.” The internal consistency measured by Cronbach’s alpha for the questions relating to the mother was 0.87 for the regard factor and 0.82 for the responsibility factor. For the questions relating to the father, Cronbach’s alpha was 0.86 for the regard factor, 0.74 for the responsibility factor and 0.87 for the control factor. All the correlation coefficients were also highly significant at the p <0.001 level. Along with this, there is a Chinese version of the PACQ, with a Cronbach’s alpha between 0.66 to 0.88 for the father-related questions and between 0.76 to 0.91 for the mother- related questions. The high internal consistency of the Chinese version of the PACQ shows that it can be highly applicable to the Asian population. The Violent Ideations Scale is a five-point Likert scale that is scored on the basis of the responses. The numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 indicate how often the mentioned thought has popped into the mind of the subject, based on the scales “never,” “rarely,” “sometimes,” “often,” and “very often.” There are fifteen items on this scale. The VIS has a concurrent validity of r=0.65 for reactive aggression ideations, r=0.48 for proactive aggression ideation, and r=0.54 for verbal/relational aggression ideation, which are all significant at the 0.001 level. It has not yet been tested on an Asian population. The results from these tests were first checked for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk test. Then, the correlation between one’s regard, responsibility and control factors with one’s VIS was measured, to understand how one’s VIS might or might not be affected by one’s filial relationship with their parents (n=23). This was performed using the Pearson correlation because the source of the data was the same subject. Along with that, the VIS scores of the participant was compared with that of their mother’s and father’s VIS scores (n=6) using the K-related samples test in order to find any significant relationships between the variables.


Gujarat Forensic Sciences University


Violence, Intergenerational Relation, Parent-Child Relationship