Data and materials for: Multiculturalism in Classically Liberal Societies: Group Membership and Compatibility Between Individual and Collective Justice
Documentation of three studies and a pilot are included in these files. Study 1 was correlational (N = 141), study 2 and 3 were experimental (N = 202; 164), and the pilot was correlational (N = 65). The purpose of study 1 was to test whether the difference between national majorities and cultural minorities (asymmetric groups) in support for multiculturalism (based on collective justice) is moderated by beliefs in individual responsibility (a key dimension of individual justice). Measures used for hypothesis testing include: Belief in individual responsibility (IndResp, 4 items; 2 4 reversed), Support for multicultural ideology (CDI_M, 3 items), Support for multicultural policy (CDP_M, 4 items). Additional measures in the dataset include: National identity (IDCH, 4 items), Cultural identity (IDOrig, 4 items), Social dominance orientation (SDO, 6 items; 2 4 6 reversed), Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA, 3 items). Raw data is provided ("Study1_Orig") as well as prepared data on which final analyses were conducted ("Study1_Prep"). The syntax and questionnaire are also provided. Participants were recruited online using a snowball technique. While the online data showed that 286 people accessed the online questionnaire, only 141 began to fill it out. All were residents of Switzerland. The purpose of study 2 was to replicate results of study 1 and to disentangle three key features of these asymmetric groups: High vs. low status, native vs. immigrant, and numerical majority vs. minority. A 2 x 2 x 2 experimental design was used. The same measures used for hypothesis testing in study 1 are included in study 2. Manipulation checks are also included: Perceived privilege (4 items; 2 4 reversed), Recall and understanding of the text (6 items divided into pairs according to conditions), Easiness/Difficulty of the exercise (2 items). Raw data, the prepared data on which analyses were conducted, the syntax, and the eight experimental questionnaires are provided (all entitled "Study 2 [...]"). Students from a Psychology course at a University in French-speaking Switzerland participated. The purpose of study 3 was to replicate results of studies 1 and 2 using alternative measures of individual justice beliefs and a 2 x 2 experimental design (High vs. low status, Native vs. immigrant). Method and documents are otherwise the same as study 2 ("Study 3 [...]"). A new group of students participated. The purpose of the pilot study was to construct and validate the alternative measures in study 3: Prescriptive individual responsibility (IndResp, 4 items) and Classical liberalism (LibComm, 6 items; 2 4 6 reversed). Additional measures include the one from studies 1 and 2, plus human rights support and free market ideology. The data, syntax and questionnaire are provided. Participants were recruited on the university campus. Studies were conducted in French and documentation is original. Comments in the syntax are provided in English.