Published: 21 November 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/fhhpszgn2w.1
Md Siddique Hossain Md Siddique Hossain


Abastract: Rabindranath Tagore, a prominent Indian philosopher and intellectual, balances Eastern and Western civilizations while maintaining an anti-imperialist stance. His writings focus on Indian society, social, political, ethical, cultural, and traditional dimensions. Tagore's works explore the moral and psychological problems experienced by individuals and the concept of women's position in society. His core feminist approach encompasses aspects of western thought, including femininity, selfhood, equality, and acknowledgment. Tagore's "Relationships" explores the hardships faced by young ladies in familial and marital relationships, highlighting the importance of gender in the divisions between the old and new, the West and non-West, and modernization and modernism. Indira Chatterjee's "Jogajog" explores the vulnerability of women in Hindu societal structures and their families. Kumudini, the wife of Madhusudan, struggles with social acceptance and gender equality, seeking refuge with her sibling and mother. She resists societal norms that dictate male autonomy and female subjugation, focusing on her feminine identity and asserting her entitlements. The text highlights the impact of power dynamics in colonial modernity, with the husband's manipulation of Kumudini's feminine identity and her pregnancy perpetuating his lineage. The novel also explores Tagore's exploration of the dichotomy between internal and external aspects of an individual, emphasizing the importance of reconciling the worlds through magination and thought.Tagore's modernism emphasizes individual autonomy, political consciousness, and nationhood for transformation in a stratified society. Kumudini, a housewife, experiences suffering and disillusionment with her husband's authority, leading her to discover a new religious belief centered on self-actualization. She resists her husband's sexual desires and challenges his dominance. Kumudini's defiance of patriarchal norms is a transgression and violation of violence, but she yields to both external and internal oppression. Edward Said's Orientalism explores the Western portrayal of the East as a discursive tactic, constructing cultural stereotypes. Kumudini's nonviolent resistance is crucial in expressing her core beliefs and undergoing personal growth. Authentic relationships, like Jogajog, are characterized by mutual understanding, equitable coexistence, and trust in humanity.


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Introduction: Rabindranath Tagore, a preeminent contemporary philosopher and intellectual, has endured the test of time as a captivating figure in scholarly discourse. His philosophical outlook strives for a harmonious synthesis of Eastern and Western civilizations, accompanied by a steadfast anti-imperialist stance. Rooted in keen observations of Indian society's myriad dimensions, Tagore's writings explore the rich tapestry of social, political, ethical, cultural, and traditional aspects. His literary legacy encompasses themes ranging from Bengali rites and rituals to the political awakening of women, symbolizing the nation as a mother figure. This introduction aims to navigate Tagore's multifaceted exploration, particularly focusing on gender issues through his feminist lens. From the portrayal of empowered widows to challenging patriarchal norms, Tagore's works reflect a nuanced perspective on women's roles within colonial and domestic spheres. The ensuing analysis will delve into the intricate themes of "Relationships," shedding light on Kumudini's journey and Tagore's evolving views on the intersection of gender, societal norms, and individual autonomy.


Women's Studies, Barrier to Women's Career Development, Empowerment