Atom-centered machine-learning force field package
In recent years, machine learning algorithms have been widely used for constructing force fields with an accuracy of ab initio methods and the efficiency of classical force fields. Here, we developed a python-based atom-centered machine-learning force field (PyAMFF) package to provide a simple and efficient platform for fitting and using machine learning force fields by implementing an atom-centered neural-network algorithm with Behler-Parrinello symmetry functions as structural fingerprints. The following three features are included in PyAMFF: (1) integrated Fortran modules for fast fingerprint calculations and Python modules for user-friendly integration through scripts and facile extension of future algorithms; (2) a pure Fortran backend to interface with the software, including the long-timescale dynamic simulation package EON, enabling both molecular dynamic simulations and adaptive kinetic Monte Carlo simulations with machine-learning force fields; and (3) integration with the Atomic Simulation Environment package for active learning and ML-based algorithm development. Here, we demonstrate an efficient parallelization of PyAMFF in terms of CPU and memory usage and show that the Fortran-based PyAMFF calculator exhibits a linear scaling relationship with the number of symmetry functions and the system size.